Members of CEPPA

Mara van der Lugt (Director)

Mara van der Lugt is a lecturer in philosophy at the University of St Andrews, working mainly on the history of philosophy (17th C – current day) but also on issues in contemporary philosophy and ethics; she is the author of Dark Matters: Pessimism and the Problem of Suffering (Princeton 2021) which discusses the philosophical tradition known as ‘pessimism’ and the debate on whether life is worth living.


Elizabeth Ashford

Jessica Brown

Epistemology, moral and epistemic responsibility, philosophical methodology

Prof Brown’s main areas of research are epistemology, responsibility, and philosophical methodology.

Within epistemology, she works on a wide range of issues concerning both individual and group epistemology, including evidence, knowledge, justification and defeat, the closure and transmission of knowledge and warrant, fallibilism vs infallibilism, contextualism vs invariantism, scepticism, the epistemic norms of assertion and practical reasoning, blameworthy belief, epistemic blame.

Within responsibility, Prof Brown is interested in both epistemic and moral responsibility as it affects both individuals and groups. She is currently writing a book on group epistemology and responsibility.

Within philosophical methodology, Prof Brown is interested in a range of methodological issues including the nature of philosophy (it’s subject matter and evidence); the role of ordinary language, linguistics and conceptual analysis in philosophy; thought experiments and intuitions; and, sources of scepticism about philosophy (disagreement, evolutionary debunking worries, experiment philosophy).

Sophie-Grace Chappell

Sophie Grace Chappell is Professor of Philosophy at the Open University, UK, Leverhulme Major Research Fellow 2017-2020, Visiting Fellow in the Department of Philosophy, St Andrews 2017-2020, and Erskine Research Fellow, University of Canterbury NZ, Spring 2020. She was educated at Magdalen College, Oxford, and Edinburgh University. She was Director of the Scots Philosophical Association, 2003-2006. Since 2000 she has been Reviews Editor of The Philosophical Quarterly and Treasurer of the Mind Association. In 2021 she will be a REF sub-panellist for Philosophy. She has published over a hundred articles on ethics, moral psychology, epistemology, ancient philosophy and philosophy of religion. Her books include Aristotle and Augustine on Freedom (Routledge, 1995), Understanding Human Goods (Edinburgh University Press, 2003), The Inescapable Self: an Introduction to Philosophy (Orion, 2005), Reading Plato’s Theaetetus (Hackett, 2005), Ethics and Experience (Acumen, 2009), and Knowing What to Do: Imagination, Virtue, and Platonism in Ethics (Oxford University Press, 2014). She has also edited or co-edited five collections of essays in ethics, most recently Intuition, Theory, and Anti-Theory in Ethics (Oxford University Press, 2015) and Ethics Beyond The Limits: Essays on Bernard Williams’ Ethics and the Limits of Philosophy (Routledge, forthcoming). Her main current research is about epiphanies, immediate and revelatory encounters with value, and their place in our experience and our philosophical ethics. She is a Governor of the British Association of Counsellors and Psychotherapists, a member of the Scottish Mountaineering Club (climbing new winter routes up to grade VII,7), an active poet and translator of the classical Greek dramatists, and an untalented but keen cyclist and pianist. She is the UK’s first openly transgender philosophy academic, having transitioned in 2014. She lives with her family in Dundee.

Rowan Cruft

cruftRowan Cruft works on the nature and moral foundations of rights, paying particular attention to the ways in which different sorts of rights (e.g. natural moral rights, human rights, legal rights, property rights, contractual rights) can be justified.  He is currently writing a book on the varied roles played by the individual right-holder’s interests in grounding different types of right.  He is keen to demonstrate the legal and policy implications of his work, and has some experience – e.g. presenting at the Scottish parliament on the moral issues surrounding debts taken on by undemocratic states, or at the Leveson Inquiry on the moral foundations of the rights to freedom of expression and a free press.

Alex Douglas

Alex Douglas is interested in the history and philosophy of political economy. His most recent book, The Philosophy of Debt (Routledge, 2015), examines the concept of debt through the lenses of language, history, and political economy. His current research is on theories of desire in Spinoza and other early modern philosophers in relation to the development of political economy. He is also a Research Scholar at the Binzagr Institute for Sustainable Prosperity.  And check out Alex’s appearance on the BBC’s In the Balance in April 2019.

Q&A on the Philosophy of Economics with Dr. Alexander Douglas – Session 1

Q&A on the Philosophy of Economics with Dr. Alexander Douglas – Session 2

Q&A on the Philosophy of Economics with Dr. Alexander Douglas – Session 3

Q&A on the Philosophy of Economics with Dr. Alexander Douglas – Session 4

Adam Etinson

etinsonAdam Etinson’s work explores topics in ethics, political philosophy, moral psychology, and social epistemology. At the moment, he is working on projects on anger, dignity, guilt, and wonder.

Alongside his academic scholarship, Adam also writes for public audiences. His writing has appeared in The New York Times, the Times Literary Supplement, and Dissent.

Check out Adam’s recent publication, “What’s So Special About Human Dignity?” in Philosophy & Public Affairs.

Jade Fletcher

Jade Fletcher works in metaphysics and social and feminist philosophy. She is particularly interested in places where these areas overlap. Her doctoral research investigated the role of truth in the method of metaphysics and her current research is concerned with the methodological and epistemological challenges of characterising the nature of social reality under conditions of ideological distortion.

Katharine Jenkins

Katharine Jenkins works on the nature of social categories, with particular reference to gender and race. She is interested in how social categories such as races and genders exist, and how these categories are bound up with systematic injustices. She is also interested in feminist philosophy and critical philosophy of race more broadly, in the philosophy of sex and sexuality, and in social epistemology. Topics she has written about include rape myths, pornography, and gender identity and trans rights. Since 2020, she is a Lecturer in Philosophy at the University of Glasgow.


King-Ho Leung

King-Ho Leung works primarily in contemporary continental philosophy, especially in the areas of existential phenomenology, the philosophy of religion (and non-religion), and political philosophy and critical theory. He is particularly interested in the phenomenology of existential commitment and authenticity, as well as how understanding philosophy as a spiritual practice can inform the construal of the religious/secular divide.



Joseph Millum

Dr. Millum is a Senior Lecturer in the Department of Philosophy at St Andrews University. He also serves as a consultant to the World Health Organisation and he is the Chairperson of the International Society for Priorities in Health. Prior to arriving at St Andrews, Dr. Millum worked at the US National Institutes of Health for 15 years – in the Clinical Center Department of Bioethics and the Fogarty International Center. Dr. Millum’s research spans various topics in bioethics and applied ethics. These include: (1) Health care priority-setting; (2) Health research priority-setting; (3) Consent; (4) The ethics of research with human participants; (5) Bioethical theory; (6) The ethics of parenthood. His books include Global Justice and Bioethics (2012), The Moral Foundations of Parenthood (2018), Global Health Priority-Setting: Beyond Cost-Effectiveness (2020), and A Theory of Bioethics (2021). Full texts of Dr. Millum’s articles are available at

Matyáš Moravec

Matyáš primarily works on the philosophy of Henri Bergson (1859-1941), its reception in early 20th-century British metaphysics, and its potential for contemporary analytic philosophy. He is especially interested in Bergson’s relevance to contemporary analytic philosophy of religion. He completed his MA at the University of Aberdeen and his MPhil and PhD at the University of Cambridge. He also spent a year working on Bergson at the École normale supérieure in Paris. Prior to coming to St Andrews, he was postdoctoral research associate at Durham University and lecturer at Queen’s University Belfast. He is originally from the Czech Republic.

Tim Mulgan




Quân Nguyen

Anh-Quân Nguyen is a Teaching Fellow at the University of Edinburgh. He mostly works on normative ethics, with a specific interest in feminist and environmental ethics, but also their intersections with rationality theory, emotions and social and temporal embeddedness. He was the Scottish coordinator of the COP26 Coalition, directing the civil society alliance organising the international climate movement during the UN Climate Conference in Glasgow in 2021. His doctoral thesis defended the rationality of future-bias against requirements of temporal neutrality


Fay Niker

Fay Niker’s main research interests are in political philosophy and ethics, though increasingly these are moving her towards exploring topics in moral psychology and social epistemology too. Her work focuses primarily on the ethics of influence, broadly understood. Within this, Fay has been working on: the political morality of nudging (i.e., behavioural public policy); how we might accommodate social embeddedness into our understanding of autonomy and paternalism (including some work on trust); salience and attention, and the ways in which these can be adjusted or curated for the purposes of epistemic and/or ethical ends; and the ethics and politics of “caring technologies”. Given the close relationship between her philosophical topics and public policy, Fay is keen to be involved in projects that reach beyond the academy. She also co-edits a collaborative blog, Justice Everywhere, about philosophy in public affairs.

Theron Pummer

Theron Pummer works on issues in ethics and metaphysics. He has recently completed a book titled The Rules of Rescue: Cost, Distance, and Effective Altruism (Oxford University Press 2023). He is now working on a book titled Hypersensitive Ethics: Much Ado About Nearly Nothing. He has contributed to CEPPA’s Effective Altruism project. He was recently interviewed at the Blog of the American Philosophical Association (APA).


Ben Sachs-Cobbe

Ben Sachs-Cobbe is co-leader of the Future of Work and Income project, under which he’s considering the question of on what basis an individual ought to be entitled to a share of society’s wealth.  He has published a book on political philosophy and another on ethics, both of which engage heavily with another research interest of his, namely the ethics and politics of our treatment of sentient animals.


Joe Slater

Joe Slater is a lecturer in moral and political philosophy at Glasgow. He is currently working on issues of moral demandingness, supererogation and friendship.

See Joe’s blog on effective altruism.

Justin Snedegar

js280Justin Snedegar’s research is primarily in metaethics and practical reasoning. One strand of this research is to explore the ways in which how we think of the alternatives open to us may influence what we ought to do. Another is to explore the ways that contributory considerations, like reasons for and against different actions, interact and compete to determine what we ought to do, all things considered. His hope is that this work may serve as part of a theoretical background for investigation into deliberation and normative thinking more generally.

Jens Timmermann

jt28Jens Timmermann works on ethical theory, legal philosophy and applied ethics, mostly from a Kantian perspective.


Emilia Wilson

Emilia Wilson is a research fellow on the collaborative project “Early Diagnosis: Handling Knowing” between Divinity, Medicine and Philosophy. Her central interests are in feminist theory, social epistemology, philosophy of language and philosophy of disability. She has additional interests in aesthetics, applied ethics and philosophy of science. Prior to taking up this position, she completed a PhD in feminist philosophy, also at the University of St Andrews


John Haldane (Senior Fellow)