Theron Pummer (Director)
Theron Pummer specializes in ethics. He has wide-ranging interests but his research thus far has focused on a set of connected theoretical problems at the intersection of ethics and metaphysics. These problems concern the nature of well-being and its distribution across populations, the ethical significance of personal identity, and the structure of the good and reasons. The resolution of these problems, he believes, would have substantial implications for real-world decisions about how to allocate scarce resources (the sort of decisions that the World Health Organization confronts, for example). He is very interested in the ethics of charitable giving and the philosophical foundations of effective altruism.
Adam Etinson (Assistant Director)
Adam Etinson works on a range of topics in moral and political philosophy. Much of his current research is in the philosophy of human rights, where he thinks about what human rights are, what grounds them, and what they require of us. In addition to this work, Adam has interests in liberal politics, particularly in the demands of “public reason.” And he has interests in social epistemology, where he looks at the problem of cultural bias (sometimes referred to as “ethnocentrism”). Most recently, he has been thinking about the concept of human dignity.
More details on Adam’s publication, Some Myths about Ethnocentrism as part of the Knowledge, Democracy, and Public Discourse project.
John Haldane (Senior Fellow)
Sarah Broadie’s research is mainly on ancient Greek philosophy, but she is interested in a wide range of philosophical subjects, including of course ethics and the theory of action, and in a wide range of historical philosophers. Her main publications include Ethics with Aristotle (OUP 1991) and a commentary on the Nicomachean Ethics (OUP 2002).
Ben Colburn is head of Philosophy at Glasgow University. His main research interests are in political philosophy and ethics. Most of his work (e.g. the monograph Autonomy and Liberalism) has explored the nature and value of individual autonomy and its relation to ideals of liberal neutrality. He also writes on related topics, including the nature of responsibility and its role in distributive justice, and the content and institutions of liberal education. He has recently also been working on the relationship between political philosophy and public policy, especially concerning migration policy, and palliative and geriatric care.
Rowan Cruft works on the nature and moral foundations of rights, paying particular attention to the ways in which different sorts of rights (e.g. natural moral rights, human rights, legal rights, property rights, contractual rights) can be justified. He is currently writing a book on the varied roles played by the individual right-holder’s interests in grounding different types of right. He is keen to demonstrate the legal and policy implications of his work, and has some experience – e.g. presenting at the Scottish parliament on the moral issues surrounding debts taken on by undemocratic states, or at the Leveson Inquiry on the moral foundations of the rights to freedom of expression and a free press.
Alex Douglas is interested in the history and philosophy of political economy. His most recent book, The Philosophy of Debt (Routledge, 2015), examines the concept of debt through the lenses of language, history, and political economy. His current research is on theories of desire in Spinoza and other early modern philosophers in relation to the development of political economy. He is also a Research Scholar at the Binzagr Institute for Sustainable Prosperity
Katherine Hawley is interested in trust, distrust and competence in both ethics and epistemology, and is currently completing a monograph on this topic. This work develops her long-standing research into practical knowledge, considering it in the light of social and political challenges to the communication of trustworthiness. She has a related project on commitment and self-control. Finally, she works in metaphysics, and is planning a new project in the metaphysics of social groups and organisations.
Basil O’Neill is interested in moral and political aspects of Ancient Philosophy in relation to modern Continental Philosophy, especially Derrida and Levinas. Consequently, he is concerned with irony, indirect communication, and the incompleteness of human understanding in relation to the idea of the transcendent.
Nick Rengger has interests in many different areas of moral and political philosophy, both in general and in connection with the international. He has published recently on the history and contemporary relevance of the just war tradition, on the idea and possibility of global ethics, on the ethics of global governance and on the opportunities and problematics of Human Rights. He also has interests in the topic of moral luck and is preparing a short book on this topic in connection with international relations.
Ben Sachs’s main research areas at the moment are (1) the ethics of how we treat animals and (2) contractarianism. Contractarianism is a theory of the role of the state, and he would like to apply it to practical questions about the law (e.g., whether it should be used to enforce morality, whether it should protect animals) and distributive justice. In the past he has worked a fair amount on the ethics of coercion, the ethics of using humans as medical research subjects, and the distribution of health care resources, and he still thinks about those things from time to time.
Justin Snedegar’s research is primarily in metaethics and practical reasoning. One strand of this research is to explore the ways in which how we think of the alternatives open to us may influence what we ought to do. Another is to explore the ways that contributory considerations, like reasons for and against different actions, interact and compete to determine what we ought to do, all things considered. His hope is that this work may serve as part of a theoretical background for investigation into deliberation and normative thinking more generally.
Jens Timmermann works on ethical theory, legal philosophy and applied ethics, mostly from a Kantian perspective.